Significance of Muharram
Muharram is not only the 1st month of Islamic Calendar which marks the New Islamic Year but also one of the four sanctified months of the year. As Allah Says in Quran:
“Indeed, the number of months with Allah is twelve [lunar] months in the register of Allah [from] the day He created the heavens and the earth; of these, four are sacred.”
(Surah At-Taubah 9:36)
The four months mentioned in the Ayah are Dhul-Qadah, Dhul-Hijjah, Muharram and Rajab. This is evident from the words of Holy Prophet (S.A.W.) on the occasion of his last Hajj Sermon:
“The year is of twelve months, out of which four months are sacred: Three are in succession Dhul-Qadah, Dhul-Hijjah and Muharram, and (the fourth is) Rajab.”
(Sahih Bukhari: 3197)
These words of our Prophet (S.A.W.) confirms the sanctity of the month of Muharram.
The specific mention of these four months does not mean that other Islamic months have no sanctity; in fact, each Islamic month has its own sacredness and we all know that Ramadan is admittedly the most sanctified month in the year. But Allah Almighty has chosen a particular time for His special blessings and these four months are among those particular time in which a Muslim can get maximum of Allah’s blessings.
The word ‘Muharram’ in its literal sense means forbidden. Similar to the other sacred months, waging war or indulging in any kind of violence during this month is forbidden. (Ref: Surah At-Taubah 9:5)
Fasting during Muharram
Muharram holds great significance long before the Prophet Mohammad’s (S.A.W.) time. Earlier on, it was obligatory to fast on the 10th of Muharram. However later, fasting was made obligatory in Ramadan only and fasting on 10th Muharram was made optional. As narrated by Ayesha (R.A.) that Prophet (S.A.W.) said:
“Whoever wishes to fast (on the day of ‘Ashura’) may do so; and whoever wishes to leave it can do so.”
(Sahih Bukhari: 1592)
But remember one thing that fasts during the month of Muharram are the most rewardable ones among the optional (Nafil) fasts in the light of following Hadith:
‘The Messenger of Allah (S.A.W.) said: “The best fasting after the month of Ramadan is the month of Allah, Al-Muharram.”’ (An-Nasai: 1613)
The hadith does not mean that the award of Muharram’s fasts can be achieved only by fasting the whole month. On the contrary, each fast during this month has its own merits. Therefore, one should avail this opportunity and fast as much as one can during this blessed month.10 Muharram (Ashura)
Ashura is the 10th day of Muharram and is the most sacred day among all its days. When the Prophet (S.A.W.) came to Madinah, he fasted on the day of Ashura and directed the Muslims to keep fast on this day. But when the fasts of Ramadan were made obligatory, the fasting on this day was made optional. However, according to many authentic Hadiths, fasting on the day of Ashura is a confirmed Sunnah of the Holy Prophet (S.A.W.)
The Companions (R.A.) observed that Jews also consider 10th Muharram as special day and they keep fast on this day. So Prophet (S.A.W.) announced that from next year, they will fast on the 9th of Muharram as well so as to distinguish themselves from the Jews. Unfortunately, Prophet (S.A.W.) did not live to see the next year. Therefore, Muslims consider the 9th and 10th of Muharram as significant days in the Islamic calendar and observe fast on these days. [Sahih Muslim: 1134 (a)]
Superstition & Misconceptions about Muharram
Although many Muslims are aware about the innovations in Islam, there are some superstitions and misconceptions about the month of Muharram and the day of Ashura that have managed to find their way into the minds of some Muslims. Some very common misconceptions and superstitions are:
2- Similarly, due to the same fact, many Muslims don’t get married (Nikkah) during this month which is, again, totally wrong and misguiding.
About the Day of Ashura
1- Prophet Adam (A.S.) was created by Allah on this day.
2- Prophet Ibrahim (A.S.) was born on 10th of Muharram.
3- Prophet Adam’s (A.S.) repentance was accepted by Allah on this day.
4- Day of Judgement will take place on Friday, 10th of Muharram.
5- Whoever takes bath on 10th of Muharram will never get ill.
6- One who puts kohl in his eyes on this day will not suffer from any eye disease.
7- Some people say that it is Sunnah to prepare a particular type of meal on this particular day and then distribute it.
Mian Abrar-ul-Wahab Kakakhail (1935 – 2020) was born in Ziarat Kaka Sahib, a village near Nowshera Pakistan. The village is named after famous Waliullah Syed Sheikh Rahamkar Kakasahib (1576 -1653).
Mian Abrar-ul-Wahab was brought up by his father, Mian Fazal-ul-Wahab Kakakhail (1900 -1976), and was very close to him. His father was very active in politics and had participated in independence movements such as Silk Letter Movement, Anti-Colonial Movement and Reforms Movement. He was also the founding executive of Madrassa Nasratul Islam and Rahamkaria Liberary. He also represented All-India Muslim League as General Secretary Nowshera. Mian Abrar-ul-Wahab, from his young age participated in Pakistan independence rallies.
Mian Abrar-ul- Wahab was among the first few to partake and complete the very first Pashto Proficiency, High Proficiency, and Pashto Honours programmes. Designated as headteacher, he taught school children for 25 years between 1952 and 1977. He was also given the management responsibility of other 22 primary schools in Nowshera region. From his family life to professional engagement he led every effort from the front and exceeded every expectation. He never had a concept of day-off because he would rather prefer to be out and helping other as oppose to sit and relax at home. His family, colleagues, neighbours, and friends knew him as a person with great spirits in their circles. For his immediate and extended relatives, he was like a considerate father, his shadow of compassion helped them raise flags of successes. After his early retirement from education sector, he moved to Islamabad where he worked in the construction industry between 1980 and 1998. He used the opportunity to extend his circles and to continue outreaching people living in the city of his new abode.
He remained connected to people of his village. Alongside with late Mian Jamal Shah KakaKhail (former politician), he outreached 1000s of Kakakhails and followers of Hazarat KakaSahib and gathered them under one umbrella. The purpose was to provide a platform where issues were discussed and resolved. He collected and published data on Kakakhails that is now used as an immense source of information for our future generations.
He was a great lover of poetry and had studied Iqbaliyat (Allama Muhammad Iqbal’s books), Mirza Ghalib, Mir Taqi Mir, Mian Muhammad Bakhsh, N M Rashid, Khushal Khan Khattak, Ghani Khan and Rahman Baba. His books collection goes back to books from 16th century onwards, the collection include Books on Sunnah and Seerat-i-Muhamahadi (PBUH), Tafaseer Quraan, Islamic History, Indo-Pak history, Mysticism, Politics and Biographies. He regularly wrote columns for many mainstream newspapers.
Mian Abrar-ul-Wahab was a founding member of Islamabad Police Public Conciliatory Committee. The purpose of this committee was to resolve the public issues of minor nature and relive burden on smaller courts. He worked closely with police from Station In-charge to Inspector General of Police. His counsel and advice was always appreciated and implemented. He was presented with many awards for his work.
He was by nature a social workpe and a humanist. He worked closely with neighbourhood and mosques committees. He helped in building Masjids and getting them approvals from local authorities. Day or night, he would never step back from using his contacts to resolve neighbourehood concerns including but not limited to security and services. The gruelling regime of his work left him with IBS, High Blood pressure, Heart and Chest diseases but with a personal work ethic he found it impossible to relinquish. He preached the importance of humanism, honesty, hard work and parenting provision.
His dream was to bring Mosques from all schools of thoughts on one page therefore this page is designed on his initiative. We hope that his dream will come true one day. May Allah bless him with highest ranks in Jannat Firdous Ameen.
Ziarat Kaka Sahib – located 12 kilometers to the South West of Nowshera KPK. The village is named after the shrine of 16th century’s most popular Sufi Saint Hazrat Kaka Sahib. People throng Kaka Sahib’s shrine every day in a large number for seeking solace and spiritual delight. Pilgrims from far and wide visit the shrine to pay their respects to the Sufi saint. On average, around 5ki to 7k visits the shrine every day. It is considered as one of the most frequently visited religious heritage sites in Khyber Pakhtunkhwa. Syed Kastir Gul also known as Hazarat Kaka Sahib , Sheikh Rahamkar. Them is also fondly called as Ziaray Kaka - Them had earned the title of Rahmkaar – ‘the kindest’ for freeing slaves and showing mercy on orphans, poor and the needy. Them used to arrange langar for thousands of his pilgrims and devotes regularly and extended financial assistance to destitute families.
Born on the first of Ramazan in 1576, Kaka Sahib from Hazrat Sheikh Bahdur Baba (Abak baba) and Aziz Bakhat (KaKaKhelo Mor). He belonged to the family of Sufi Saints. The shrines of their father Hazrat Sheikh Bahdur Baba, grandfather Hazrat Sheikh Nadar Baba and great grandfather Hazrat Sheikh Ghalib Gul Baba are all in the district Nowshera. had received religious education from his Sufi father and a few Islamic scholars of his time. Them used to practice all four Sufi orders – Naqshbandia, Suharwardia, Chistia and Qadria.
Kaka Sahib was the father of 5 sons (1) Syed Ziauddin (Shaheed Baba) (2) Haji Muhammad Gul (3) Abdul Khalil (Manzaray Baba) (4) Sheikh Abdul Haleem (Speen Baba) (5) Najam Uddin. Their devotees included people from all walks of life. Renowned classic Pashto poet Khushal Khan Khattak, his father Shahbaz Khan Khattak and his elder brother Faqir Jamil Baig were among his diehard disciples. One of Khushal Khan Khattak’s daughters was married to Ziauddin Shaheed, son of Kaka Sahib. Mughul King Auwrangzeb Alamgir stayed in a makeshift palace “Auwrang Mahal” when he visited Hazrat Kaka Sahib. Many other Sufi Saints in the todays Khyber Pakhtunkhwa were their pupils and were assigned to preach the message of Allah.Hazarat Sheikh Haleem Gul Baba compiled a book Maqalat Qutbiya wa Maqamat Qudsiya on their sermons.
Hazarat Kaka Sahib departed from this world on 24th Rajab 1653. Their shrine was built by Kaka Sahib’s direct descendants and their followers in early 17th century, his white mausoleum has beautiful mosaic work and floral pattern all over inside the structure in Mughal architecture style.
Kaka Khails - Ziarat Kaka Sahib is the abode of Kaka Khails. Kaka Khails is the tribe with Arab heritage are descendants of Hazrat Kaka Sahib who was descendant of Imam Ja’afar al-Sadiq. The tribe has 13 clans. Most of Kaka Khails are living in Ziarat Kaka Sahib. Some Kaka Khails are living in other parts of Pakistan. Other tribes living in Ziarat kaka Sahib are referred as Ziarat Khails.
Most of Ziarat Khails are descendants of skilled workers. Qazi Khail, the descendants of Akhuddin Saljoki is a prominent clan among Ziarat Khails. The region has given birth to many pious, academicians, historians, religious scholars, libertarian, humanists, and patriotic personalities. Kaka Khails are known to be experts in more than one field of knowledge and scholarship such was the scholastic legacy left behind by Kaka Sahib. Both, its theologians, and politicians have played vital role in independence movements e.g. Freedom Movement, Migration Movement, Silk Movement, Khilafat Movement. They continued to serve their role in the build-up of the newly born state. They served their homeland at forefronts against all invading armies. Some names to mention are Mulana Uzair Gul, Mulana Nafi Gul, Mulalna Mazhar Gul, Mulana Abdurab, Politician Mian Jafar Shah, Humanist Mian Ata-uddin, Social Worker Mian Hameed Gul, II World War Veteran Gen. Mian Hayauddin, Author Bahadar Shah Zafar, Author Taqweemul Haq Kaka Khail, Gen. Rizwan Gulbadshah, Judge Mufi Siahuddin Kakakhail, Economist Sartaj Azeez, Politician Qazi Hussain Ahmed, Poet Mian Muhammad Janab, Poet & Diplomat Shafqat Shahab, Politician Mian Jamal Shah, Social worker Mian Fazal-ul Wahab, Poet Syeda Bushra Baigum, Lawyer Mian Muhibullah Kaka Khel, theologian Mufti Syed Adnan Kaka Khail, Scientist Dr Shabir Ahmed Kaka Khail, Mathematician Haniya Kaka Khail, Surgeon Gen. Shahida Badshah, Athor Mian Muhammad Nazir, Journalish Dr. Shajehan Shah, and Researcher Dr. Waqar Ali Shah