What is Eid al Adha?
Eid ul Adha is a festival celebrated among Muslims all over the world in remembrance of the sacrifice that Prophet Ibrahim (A.S.) made out of his strong faith in Allah.
Ibrahim (AS) showed a willingness to sacrifice his son Prophet Ismail (A.S.) but his son was replaced with a lamb by Allah. Allah was so pleased with Ibrahim’s (A.S.) submission to Him that He made this demonstration of sacrifice and faith a permanent part of a Muslim’s life. This event is mentioned in Quran - Surah As-Saffat (37:102).
Hence, every year on the 10th of Dhul Hijjah, Muslims all over the world celebrate Eid ul Azha. On this day, Muslims slaughter a lamb, sheep, goat or a camel to honor the sacrifice of Ibrahim (AS).
Both Eid ul Fitr and Eid Al-Adha have great significance in Islam as the same is evident from the following Hadith of Prophet Mohammad (S.A.W.):
“Allah has given you better than those feasts (festivals of non-believers): the ‘Eid-ul-Adha’ and ‘Eid-ul-Fitr.’”
Fasting on Eid al-Adha and Eid ul-Fitr are strictly forbidden as the same is obvious from the following Hadith of our beloved Prophet (S.A.W.):
"No fasting is permissible on the two days of Eid-ul-Fitr and Eid-ul-Adha.”
(Sahih Bukhari: 1995)
(Surah At Taubah 9:36)
(Sahih Bukhari: 3197)
(Surah Al-Fajr 89:1-2) 1- There are many Hadiths and Quranic Ayahs show great emphasis on doing good deeds during these blessed days. Prophet Mohammad (S.A.W.) said:
“No good deeds done on other days are superior to those done on these (first ten days of Dhul Hijja).’”
(Sahih Bukhari: 969)
2- Rituals of Hajj are started during the first 10 days of Dhul Hijjah (from 8th to 13th).
3- Fasting on the day of Arafah (9th Dhul Hijjah) is a confirmed Sunnah of our beloved prophet Muhammad (S.A.W.) but only for those who are not performing Hajj. Fasting on this day is a forgiveness for two years. (Ibn Majah: 1731)
4- Eid al Adha is celebrated during these 10 days (10th Dhul Hijjah) and animals are sacrificed on these day (10th to 13th).
5- Days of Tashriq starts on 9th of Dhul Hijjah (9th to 13th) and these are days of eating and drinking. During the days of Tashriq, it is necessary for every Muslim (male or female, whether praying in congregation or alone) to say the Takbir (Takbirs of Tashriq) immediately after each obligatory (fard) prayer from the Fajr Prayer on the 9th of Dhul Hijjah to the Asr Prayer on the 13th of Dhul Hijjah. Thus, these Takbirs last 5 days, and 23 prayers.
Celebration of Eid al Adha
Muslims around the world celebrate Eid al Adha for two to four days (depending on the country). However, there are some Sunnah which every Muslim should follow while celebrating this great festival.
2- Clean the teeth with Miswak or a brush.
3- Take a bath.
4- You should wear your best clothes on this day.
5- Apply Perfume.
6- Not to eat before the Eid prayer.
7- To recite the Takhir of Tashriq in a loud voice while going for Eid prayer.
اَللهُ أَكْبَرُ ، اَللهُ أَكْبَرُ، اَللهُ أَكْبَرُ، لَا إِلَهَ إِلَّا اللهُ ، وَاللهُ أَكْبَرُ، اَللهُ أَكْبَرُ، وَلِلَّهِ الْحَمْدُ
Allaahu akbar, Allaahu akbar, Allahu akbar laa ilaaha ill-Allaah, wa Allaahu akbar, Allaah akbar, wa Lillaah il-hamd
(Allah is Most Great, Allaah is most Great, Allah is most Great there is no god but Allaah, Allaah is Most great, Allaah is most great, and to Allaah be praise) (Irwa Al Ghalil: 3 / 125)
8- Listening to Sermon (Khutbah) after offering Eid Prayer. (An-Nasai: 1517)
9- Use different ways while going to mosque and returning after offering Eid Prayer. (Sahih Bukhari: 986)
1- The time for Eid Prayer begins from the time the sun is three meters above the horizon until the sun reaches its meridian. However, it is better to offer the prayer in the early hours after the sunrise. (Abu Dawud: 1135)
2- Eid Prayer is performed without any ‘Iqmah’ or ‘Athan’. [Sahih Muslim: 885 (b)]
3- Eid prayer consists of two Rak'at (Two Unit Prayer) during which Tabkeer (Allah-u-Akbar) is pronounce seven times. (Abu Dawud: 1149)
4- Rest of the Eid prayer is same as other prayer offered daily.
5- After completing the prayer, it is Sunnah (some scholars say that it is Wajib) to listen the Sermon (Khutbah) after Eid Prayer. So one should stay for Imam’s sermon to end after completing the Eid Prayer.
After listening the sermon, Muslims congratulate each other with greetings such as ‘Eid Mubarak’, ‘Happy Eid, and عيد مبارك etc. However, the most common Eid Greeting Muslims like to wish their friends and fellow Muslims is ‘Eid Mubarak’.
Sacrifice of Animal
Sacrifice of animal or Qurbani on the day of Eid al Adha is a confirmed Sunnah of not only Prophet Ibrahim (A.S.) but also of our beloved Prophet Mohammad (S.A.W.). However, some Scholars are of the opinion that is ‘Wajib’ (obligatory).
Sacrifice of cattle is a great worship of Allah and this brings the person offering sacrifice close of Allah.
Abu Hurairah (R.A.) reported that Prophet (S.A.W.) said:
“Whoever can afford it [sacrifice], but does not offer a sacrifice, let him not come near our prayer place.”
(Ibn Majah: 3123)
Hadith clearly mentions the importance of sacrifice and it is also a warning for those Muslims who have means to offer a sacrifice on Eid ul Adha but don’t perform this great Sunnah due to some lame excuses or some other worldly-reasons.
Rules of Sacrifice
Anyone who intends to do the slaughter an animal on Eid al-Adha has to follow certain rules which are given below:
Sacrifice of an animal for Eid al Adha can only be done during the specified dates i-e After Eid Prayer (10th of Dhul Hijjah) and before sunset of 13th Dhul Hijjah. Whoever do not follow these dates then his sacrifice is not valid. (Sahih Bukhari: 5545 and Sahih Muslim: 1141)
2- The animal to be sacrificed has to be one of the cattle approved by the Shariah, which are; Camels, Cattle, Sheep and Goat. (Surah Hajj 22:34 and Surah Al-Anaam 6:143)
• A sheep or goat is used as a single offering and is sufficient for one household whereas camel or cow can be shared by seven people. [Sahih Muslim: 1318(a) and 1961(a)]
4- Animal to be sacrificed has to be an adult and should have reached the age stipulated in Shariah.
Goat, either male or female, of at least one year of age.
Sheep, either male or female, of at least six months of age.
• Cow, ox, buffalo of at least two years of age.
• Camel, male or female, of at least five years of age.
5- Animal has to be a healthy one and should be free from obvious defect. (Saheeh Al-Jami: 886)
6- Person offering sacrifice should have only one intention i-e sacrificing in the name of Allah and also the animal to be sacrificed is in his full possession (it is not stolen or taken by force or in joint procession or held in pledge).
7- A person who intends to offer sacrifice should not remove any hair, nail or skin from the sunset on the last day of Dhul Qadah until the sacrifice is done on the day of Eid. (Ibn Majah: 3150)
8- Person should slaughter the animal with his own hands in order to fulfill the Sunnah. However, if one is not able to do so then he can appoint someone else to do the same on his behalf but one should witness his slaughter / sacrifice. (Sahih Bukhari: 5554)
9- Mention the name of Allah and recite Takbeer (Bismillah, Allahu Akbar) at the time of slaughtering the animal. (Sahih Bukhari: 5558)
10- Many scholars are of the opinion that the meat of sacrificed animal should be divide into three parts. One third for the person (and his family) who is offering sacrifice, one third should be distributed among the relatives/neighbors as gift and one third should be given in charity to poor people.
11- All parts of the sacrificed animal can be used for personal benefit but none can be sold or given as payment (even to butcher as his wage) otherwise, sacrifice will become invalid. (Sahih Al-Jami: 6118)
Mian Abrar-ul-Wahab Kakakhail (1935 – 2020) was born in Ziarat Kaka Sahib, a village near Nowshera Pakistan. The village is named after famous Waliullah Syed Sheikh Rahamkar Kakasahib (1576 -1653).
Mian Abrar-ul-Wahab was brought up by his father, Mian Fazal-ul-Wahab Kakakhail (1900 -1976), and was very close to him. His father was very active in politics and had participated in independence movements such as Silk Letter Movement, Anti-Colonial Movement and Reforms Movement. He was also the founding executive of Madrassa Nasratul Islam and Rahamkaria Liberary. He also represented All-India Muslim League as General Secretary Nowshera. Mian Abrar-ul-Wahab, from his young age participated in Pakistan independence rallies.
Mian Abrar-ul- Wahab was among the first few to partake and complete the very first Pashto Proficiency, High Proficiency, and Pashto Honours programmes. Designated as headteacher, he taught school children for 25 years between 1952 and 1977. He was also given the management responsibility of other 22 primary schools in Nowshera region. From his family life to professional engagement he led every effort from the front and exceeded every expectation. He never had a concept of day-off because he would rather prefer to be out and helping other as oppose to sit and relax at home. His family, colleagues, neighbours, and friends knew him as a person with great spirits in their circles. For his immediate and extended relatives, he was like a considerate father, his shadow of compassion helped them raise flags of successes. After his early retirement from education sector, he moved to Islamabad where he worked in the construction industry between 1980 and 1998. He used the opportunity to extend his circles and to continue outreaching people living in the city of his new abode.
He remained connected to people of his village. Alongside with late Mian Jamal Shah KakaKhail (former politician), he outreached 1000s of Kakakhails and followers of Hazarat KakaSahib and gathered them under one umbrella. The purpose was to provide a platform where issues were discussed and resolved. He collected and published data on Kakakhails that is now used as an immense source of information for our future generations.
He was a great lover of poetry and had studied Iqbaliyat (Allama Muhammad Iqbal’s books), Mirza Ghalib, Mir Taqi Mir, Mian Muhammad Bakhsh, N M Rashid, Khushal Khan Khattak, Ghani Khan and Rahman Baba. His books collection goes back to books from 16th century onwards, the collection include Books on Sunnah and Seerat-i-Muhamahadi (PBUH), Tafaseer Quraan, Islamic History, Indo-Pak history, Mysticism, Politics and Biographies. He regularly wrote columns for many mainstream newspapers.
Mian Abrar-ul-Wahab was a founding member of Islamabad Police Public Conciliatory Committee. The purpose of this committee was to resolve the public issues of minor nature and relive burden on smaller courts. He worked closely with police from Station In-charge to Inspector General of Police. His counsel and advice was always appreciated and implemented. He was presented with many awards for his work.
He was by nature a social workpe and a humanist. He worked closely with neighbourhood and mosques committees. He helped in building Masjids and getting them approvals from local authorities. Day or night, he would never step back from using his contacts to resolve neighbourehood concerns including but not limited to security and services. The gruelling regime of his work left him with IBS, High Blood pressure, Heart and Chest diseases but with a personal work ethic he found it impossible to relinquish. He preached the importance of humanism, honesty, hard work and parenting provision.
His dream was to bring Mosques from all schools of thoughts on one page therefore this page is designed on his initiative. We hope that his dream will come true one day. May Allah bless him with highest ranks in Jannat Firdous Ameen.
Ziarat Kaka Sahib – located 12 kilometers to the South West of Nowshera KPK. The village is named after the shrine of 16th century’s most popular Sufi Saint Hazrat Kaka Sahib. People throng Kaka Sahib’s shrine every day in a large number for seeking solace and spiritual delight. Pilgrims from far and wide visit the shrine to pay their respects to the Sufi saint. On average, around 5ki to 7k visits the shrine every day. It is considered as one of the most frequently visited religious heritage sites in Khyber Pakhtunkhwa. Syed Kastir Gul also known as Hazarat Kaka Sahib , Sheikh Rahamkar. Them is also fondly called as Ziaray Kaka - Them had earned the title of Rahmkaar – ‘the kindest’ for freeing slaves and showing mercy on orphans, poor and the needy. Them used to arrange langar for thousands of his pilgrims and devotes regularly and extended financial assistance to destitute families.
Born on the first of Ramazan in 1576, Kaka Sahib from Hazrat Sheikh Bahdur Baba (Abak baba) and Aziz Bakhat (KaKaKhelo Mor). He belonged to the family of Sufi Saints. The shrines of their father Hazrat Sheikh Bahdur Baba, grandfather Hazrat Sheikh Nadar Baba and great grandfather Hazrat Sheikh Ghalib Gul Baba are all in the district Nowshera. had received religious education from his Sufi father and a few Islamic scholars of his time. Them used to practice all four Sufi orders – Naqshbandia, Suharwardia, Chistia and Qadria.
Kaka Sahib was the father of 5 sons (1) Syed Ziauddin (Shaheed Baba) (2) Haji Muhammad Gul (3) Abdul Khalil (Manzaray Baba) (4) Sheikh Abdul Haleem (Speen Baba) (5) Najam Uddin. Their devotees included people from all walks of life. Renowned classic Pashto poet Khushal Khan Khattak, his father Shahbaz Khan Khattak and his elder brother Faqir Jamil Baig were among his diehard disciples. One of Khushal Khan Khattak’s daughters was married to Ziauddin Shaheed, son of Kaka Sahib. Mughul King Auwrangzeb Alamgir stayed in a makeshift palace “Auwrang Mahal” when he visited Hazrat Kaka Sahib. Many other Sufi Saints in the todays Khyber Pakhtunkhwa were their pupils and were assigned to preach the message of Allah.Hazarat Sheikh Haleem Gul Baba compiled a book Maqalat Qutbiya wa Maqamat Qudsiya on their sermons.
Hazarat Kaka Sahib departed from this world on 24th Rajab 1653. Their shrine was built by Kaka Sahib’s direct descendants and their followers in early 17th century, his white mausoleum has beautiful mosaic work and floral pattern all over inside the structure in Mughal architecture style.
Kaka Khails - Ziarat Kaka Sahib is the abode of Kaka Khails. Kaka Khails is the tribe with Arab heritage are descendants of Hazrat Kaka Sahib who was descendant of Imam Ja’afar al-Sadiq. The tribe has 13 clans. Most of Kaka Khails are living in Ziarat Kaka Sahib. Some Kaka Khails are living in other parts of Pakistan. Other tribes living in Ziarat kaka Sahib are referred as Ziarat Khails.
Most of Ziarat Khails are descendants of skilled workers. Qazi Khail, the descendants of Akhuddin Saljoki is a prominent clan among Ziarat Khails. The region has given birth to many pious, academicians, historians, religious scholars, libertarian, humanists, and patriotic personalities. Kaka Khails are known to be experts in more than one field of knowledge and scholarship such was the scholastic legacy left behind by Kaka Sahib. Both, its theologians, and politicians have played vital role in independence movements e.g. Freedom Movement, Migration Movement, Silk Movement, Khilafat Movement. They continued to serve their role in the build-up of the newly born state. They served their homeland at forefronts against all invading armies. Some names to mention are Mulana Uzair Gul, Mulana Nafi Gul, Mulalna Mazhar Gul, Mulana Abdurab, Politician Mian Jafar Shah, Humanist Mian Ata-uddin, Social Worker Mian Hameed Gul, II World War Veteran Gen. Mian Hayauddin, Author Bahadar Shah Zafar, Author Taqweemul Haq Kaka Khail, Gen. Rizwan Gulbadshah, Judge Mufi Siahuddin Kakakhail, Economist Sartaj Azeez, Politician Qazi Hussain Ahmed, Poet Mian Muhammad Janab, Poet & Diplomat Shafqat Shahab, Politician Mian Jamal Shah, Social worker Mian Fazal-ul Wahab, Poet Syeda Bushra Baigum, Lawyer Mian Muhibullah Kaka Khel, theologian Mufti Syed Adnan Kaka Khail, Scientist Dr Shabir Ahmed Kaka Khail, Mathematician Haniya Kaka Khail, Surgeon Gen. Shahida Badshah, Athor Mian Muhammad Nazir, Journalish Dr. Shajehan Shah, and Researcher Dr. Waqar Ali Shah